Surface Structure and Deep Structure part 1

Surface Structure and Deep Structure The surface structure is actually produced structure. It refers to the sentence as it is pronounced or written. The deep structure is the abstract structure that allows a native speaker of the language to know what the sentence means. So the surface structure is that which takes into account the transformation. It is the deep structure of a sentence that tells us what the speaker means by the sentence and it is the surface structure that shows how it is actually used in communication. It may then be said that the deep structure expresses the semantic content of S. whereas the surface structure of S determines its phonetic form. Transformation functions as a link between the deep structure of sentences and their surface structures. Consider the following examples: Is Ali ( ) playing cricket? Surface structure Ali is playing cricket. Deep structure

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